Bob Tinsley: Adventures in Audio Drama – 3

Chapter 3
by Bob Tinsley


Is audio drama too hard to listen to?

Define hard. Does that mean that listening to audio drama requires too much attention, too much engagement of the imagination?

I don’t think so. As Fred Greenhalgh from Radio Drama Revival  said in his response to an earlier post, “People DO like audio drama when they get the chance to hear it . . .” I think it requires more attention than music (for most people, musicians and music majors excepted), but certainly no more than is required for audiobooks.

Audiobooks still engage the attention, the imagination. If I’m listening to MacLeod Andrews read Richard Kadrey’s SANDMAN SLIM I can’t say that I don’t see the action in my head. But it doesn’t have the richness, the texture, the immediacy of an audio play. The play doesn’t require more of my attention, just different parts of it. If anything I believe an audiobook requires a greater degree of attention commitment than an audio play does. That may be different for other people, but I don’t think so. I have a pretty simple mind. Just ask my wife.

Is audio drama harder to find than audiobooks and music? Not these days. Anyone with a computer or a smart phone and an internet connection can download a podcatcher (iTunes, Podkicker, DoggCatcher, etc.). Open it and search for audio drama or radio drama or dramatization and you’ll be presented with a list of sites. Pick a couple you like and look at their keywords to use in further searches. You can download all the previous plays they have plus get the new ones downloaded automatically. For free! Audio drama at your fingertips.

And then there’s the 800-pound gorilla in the room, Audible. I searched for “dramatization” this morning and came up with 852 hits. Admittedly some of them are duplicates, but still, 852 hits? A lot of the better known podcasters have their work for sale on Audible: Atlanta Radio Theater Company , Icebox Radio Theater , We’re Alive, and others. You could download all their plays for free if you had the bandwidth and the time, or you could buy them in one easily downloadable package. I bought a collection of horror plays put out by Fangoria that runs 4 hours and 12 minutes for $9.07 (tax included, I guess).

Is the technology available to most people? About half the adults in the United States now carry with them almost constantly the most sophisticated audio player seen to date: a smart phone. As the computer and Netflix have changed the way we consume movies and TV shows, so the smart phone and music player apps have changed the way we consume music. Anything that can play music can play audiobooks. And anything that can play audiobooks can play audio drama.

The obvious conclusion to draw from this is that Joe Onthestreet CAN find audio plays and CAN listen to them where ever he happens to be at whatever time he feels the urge.

The question now becomes: What’s keeping him from doing it?

In two words, perception and ignorance: the perception that audio drama is inferior entertainment and ignorance about where to find it. Changing those views requires some semantic gymnastics and some high-profile exposure.

Stay tuned, boys and girls, there’s more to come!

Bob Tinsley: Adventures in Audio Drama – 2

Chapter 2
by Bob Tinsley


“Audio drama is just radio drama, old, poorly recorded and badly acted.”

This is just a matter of perception. Modern audio drama can be as slick and professional as a television show.

Check out “Seeing Ear Theater”. From 1997 to 2001 they put out some amazing audio dramas written by people like Neil Gaiman, J. Michael Straczynski (creator of Babylon 5), Harlan Ellison and others. The actors were big names as well. You can find all their shows here ( for free download. Check out “Black Canoes”, or, if you are a Gaiman fan, the two-part “Snow Glass Apples”. That one is guaranteed to make you look at Snow White from a different perspective.

Another wonderful place is One of their new series is the “Dixon and Sparks Mysteries”. The first episode is free here ( One of their other series, “Ruby: Galactic Gumshoe”, has been running since the late 1960s. Many of their shows have been recorded in 3D binaural sound. Listening with headphones really immerses you in the story. People walk behind you!

Then there is the Wireless Theatre Company in Britain (, Radio Drama Revival (, Darker Projects ( and many others. You can actually find shows produced from my own original scripts, for instance, “Heroes” ( I published the script for that show on Amazon and Nook. Just search for Robert W. Tinsley, if you’re interested.

All these stories, these audio dramas, transport the listener to a different place. The world created in the listener’s mind is boundless, unconscribed by the limits of budget, space or technology. It is a world of limitless possibility.

Don’t books or TV or movies do that just as well or better? No, in those formats you are constrained within the author’s/director’s world. He describes the characters leaving you with his vision of them. He describes a beach or a forest the way he sees them.

Norman Corwin, a famous radio writer/producer said: “Features and dimensions of a place, of a room, of a landscape, are not, in a good radio script, described in so many words. They are perceived by characters and brought out by speech, sound, by allusion. Obliquely.”

In audio you “see” the character based on his voice, his manner of speaking. He becomes “your” character. You hear the sound of waves, the cry of sea birds; you are on “your” beach. The whole experience is more intimate.

Why is this; why this intimacy? Sound; sound is more imagination-centric than sight. Sound stimulates the imagination. How often has a song taken you back to a particular time in your life? Elicited an emotion? That’s called “anamnesis”, an often involuntary recall of memory caused by the evocative power of sound.

Audio drama is a complex experience requiring more listener participation than video.

As far as wide acceptance of audio drama goes, the question then becomes, “Does audio drama require too much participation for the Average Joe to deal with?”

I’ll look into that next.



by Bob Tinsley

When last we talked we went through getting the cover for your ebook and all the front matter. And you’re still not ready to upload it to Amazon.

First you’ll need to write the ad copy for your book. Amazon calls it the “book description”. That’s the copy that goes in the listing of your book telling everybody what a wonderful, sexy book you’ve written. Go look at some on Amazon to get an idea of what works.

Now comes the hard part. What? You thought the cover was hard? Just you wait.

In what format does your literary treasure reside? If you said Microsoft Word you’re halfway home. If it is in Final Draft, Scrivener, CeltX, Fountain or any of the other myriad of proprietary formats, the first thing you have to do is generate a Word file and make sure that it looks the way you want it to.

At least that’s the way I go about it. If you are a CSS or HTML wizard you might be better off going with those formats. Since I don’t even know what CSS and HTML mean, I stick with Word.

In my experience after having uploaded 10 of my ebooks to Amazon, a Word file will give you an end product that looks the most like what you have been seeing on your computer screen.

Only one caveat: DON’T use tabs. Tabs do not translate well. You need to replace all the tabs with enough spaces to make the format look right. It sucks, but there you are.

Now I have only brushed the surface here. Do this and you’ll get a vanilla ebook. If you want to get fancier (and spend about ten times the amount of time you’ve used up to now) there are more books about formatting for Kindle than you can shake a stick at. Believe me, I’ve tried. I got tired.

Search for “Kindle formatting” on Amazon and you come up with 351 books that will tell you everything you need to know about the subject. I wish you luck. Maybe, one day, I’ll get brave enough to delve into that particular tar pit.

Or you could hire someone to do it for you.

You’ve now got your formatted Word file – or whatever – and your cover illustration in JPEG format (ideally 2500 pixels high with a 1.6 aspect ratio, height to width). It’s time to upload everything and let the gremlins churn out your ebook.

Kindle Direct Publishing is the website.If you have an Amazon account (and who doesn’t?) you can sign in with that. You’ll be taken to a dashboard, and among the things you’ll see there is a yellowish button labeled “Add new title”.

When you click that button you’ll be taken to a page that leads you by the hand through every step to get your cover uploaded, your book uploaded, putting in your description, claiming your rights, deciding whether you want DRM (a big NO, at least for me) and setting your price. Then it will ask if you are ready to publish. Press “yes”, and you’re on your way. It will take, they say, approximately 12 hours for your listing to go live.

It’s all pretty easy these days.

One thing. When you upload your Word file you will be confronted with the Whirling Circle of Death and the message “converting”. Once that is done, you will be asked if you want to preview your book. Say “yes”. This occurs at the bottom of the first of two pages. At this point you will see a mostly accurate resprentation of what your ebook will look like on a Kindle device.

If it doesn’t look the way you want it to, don’t despair – too much. You can fix it. Just save what you’ve done so far, get out of the browser, and spend whatever time you need to tweak your file.

Sign back in to KDP, and you will be taken to your “Bookshelf” page. You will see a line item with the title of your book. Click the selection box on the left, click the “Actions” button just above, and select “Edit book details”. You will be taken back to the page where you uploaded your file and given the chance to replace the file.

Everything will be fine this time, and you’re home free. Break out the bubbly, light a cigar and wait for the sales to come rolling in.

Um, no. This ain’t the Field of Dreams, buddy. Just ’cause you built it don’t mean they’re gonna come.

Now comes the really ugly part: marketing. I’m still figuring that one out.


tinsleys heroesby Bob Tinsley

When last we talked I had the “shooting script” in hand and was ready to publish an ebook with it.

Well, not quite ready. What I had was the body of the book. What I didn’t have was what is called the “front matter”. This stuff is usually taken care of by the publisher without the author having to worry too much about it. Guess what? YOU’RE the publisher. You’ll see this again.

Take a look at a book, either dead-tree or ebook, doesn’t matter. I’ll start with an overview, then take each element individually.

Starting from the outside you have the cover. The cover has a picture and some text. Then there’s the title page which has, you guessed it, the title of the book and the author’s name as a minimum. Most times the title page also has the publisher’s name. We’ll get back to that later.

Following that you have the copyright page with whatever disclaimers and lawyerly weasel words the publisher wants on there. Then there’s the dedication, preface, introduction, glossary and any other stuff that you feel might be interesting to the reader.

Then you have to make sure the manuscript is in the right format for Kindle or Nook conversion. This will require its own post. Later.

Unlike screenplays (attractive covers verboten) a book needs a cover. And not just any cover. The cover needs to be attractive and well layed out. The more it resembles the cover on the latest NYT best seller, the better. The Big Six (now Five) publishers have graphic designers on staff that do that sort of thing all day every day.

Congratulations! You are now a graphic designer. Unless you have a real graphic designer in the family or have enough disposable income to hire one, you will be designing the cover of your ebook.

Don’t get all freaked. If I can do this, you can.

The first thing to do is find a photo or illustration. There are some killer photos out there in the public domain, but the safest option is to go to a stock photo site and spend a couple of bucks for one you know you can use without getting into a rights hassle. I use Most of the photos I use cost less than two dollars apiece. Read the purchase agreement under Approved Uses. If it says “book covers”, you’re golden.

Now you need to put text on the cover, the title and your name as a minimum. If you have Photoshop, you’re good. If not, use GIMP. It’s basically the freeware (free!) Photoshop. With a little experimentation putting text on your photo is pretty easy. There’s a large selection of fonts to use, and you can change color and size easily. Realistically it will take you a couple of hours to learn how to do this with ease.

We’ll continue this stroll through the minefield of indie publishing in the next post.

Meanwhile, should you wish to see my first pass at ebooking an audio script, HEROES, is now available on Kindle.

I say first pass, because if I don’t like something, I can go back and change it. Typically the changes are made within 12 hours. Your mistakes aren’t there for eternity.

The formatting translated pretty well, though I may want to tweak it for readability. Or not. I’ll have to think on it a bit. Or – you could give me your opinion in a review on Amazon or in the comments here. Or both.

Bob Tinsley: Hefalumps and Woozles, or, Ebooks and Scripts

transmediaby Bob Tinsley


That’s a hot new buzzword making the rounds of the prose indie publishing interwebs. I searched for it on TVWriter and got two hits; in neither of them did I find the word “transmedia”. Don’t know what the deal with that is.

But I digress.

Among the indie publishing crowd transmedia means taking the book you sweated blood and cried tears over and migrating it to other forms of publishing, i.e., audiobooks or screenplays or some other means of distribution in order to reach a new audience and generate new income streams.

I first came across this word on Monday, August 12. It took about three days for the bells to start ringing in the back of my head. I gotta tell ya, that’s very distracting. Amongst the clamor it dawned on me that I had some audio scripts that I could make some minor changes to and indie-publish as ebooks on Kindle and Nook.

Back in the mid-2000s I ran across a website called “Darker Projects”. They produce original audio dramas for distribution on the web. I have always been a big fan of Old Time Radio (The Theatre of the Mind!), so I figured this was the Best Thing Ever.

Surfing around the site I discovered a tab called “Contribute”. Clicking on it I found that they were looking for people to help expand their offerings, from voice actors to producers to sound engineers to directors to – wait for it – WRITERS!

This was my new favorite site. A few years earlier I had purchased a book by J. Michael Straczynski called The Complete Book of Scriptwriting and in this book was a section on writing for radio drama. Radio drama/audio drama, potaytoe/potahtoe.

I devoured that section of the book and began surfing the web trying to find examples of radio scripts and advice about writing them. Oddly enough, I was able to find quite a bit.

After doing what was probably way too much research (does ANYONE do just enough research?) I began to write and submit scripts to Darker Projects. At the time, the King of Submissions (aka slush pile reader) was a guy named Elie Hirschman, a real mensch. He also did more than a little voice acting and directing. He actually liked some of the stuff I sent in, immediately endearing him to me like a brother.

Over a period of about three years, DarkerProjects produced five of my scripts with a full cast, original music, sound effects, an intro and outro, the whole magilla. The product Darker Projects put out was as professional as anything available then or now.

HEROES is the title of the produced script I chose with which to dip my toes into the Transmedia Stream. The “shooting script” was about 13 pages and resulted in a 21-minute audio.

The DarkerProjects crew are still producing new audio, so you should go to their site and listen. Everything is available for free download or streaming. These guys are good. And so, I think, is HEROES.

Go there. Now!